Integration of scientific and local hazard maps and development of disaster prevention plans
Participatory mapping will enable community perspectives on the spatial properties of flood risk to be attained. Methods for collating this information will draw upon innovative community mapping procedures for disaster risk reduction. Scenario analysis for land use changes will be used in SWAT modelling to look at impacts such as afforestation schemes to promote more climate-resilient pathways to long-term sustainable development. Participatory mapping results will be used in conjunction with hydrological flood risk analysis outputs to produce detailed flood risk maps. Risk maps (combining both hazard and vulnerability mapped outputs) will be used as baseline visual information for discussion at stakeholder research dissemination workshops to facilitate decisionmaking regarding reducing flood risk i.e. enabling evidence-based mitigation and adaptation strategies to be formulated and policy to be influenced. Spatial overlap of perceived and modelled risk will be examined by integrating results derived from Participatory Risk Mapping (PRM and other qualitative methods) with the modelled scientific hazards maps. Cluster statistics will be applied to integrate local knowledge data and examine differences in perceived risk between communities and within different sectors of the community and how this is spatially expressed, the results of which will inform local hazard mapping. Participatory spatial planning approaches will be used to develop effective disaster prevention plans with community members and other local stakeholders (Yates and Schoeman, 2013). Staff at local partner organizations and gov’t agencies will be trained in maintaining the project database.
Yates K L, Schoeman D S (2013) Spatial Access Priority Mapping (SAPM) with Fishers: A Quantitative GIS Method for Participatory Planning. PLoS ONE 8(7): e68424.